Ceredigion has several ancient routes and holy sites, from healing wells and early churches to centres of learning and culture. Several sites are on pilgrim routes to St David’s shrine from north and east.
Pilgrims and Princes
Pilgrims would travel by sea and make land at churches such as Mwnt and Penbryn. The Latin inscription on a five foot high stone near Penbryn church may record one such early pilgrim: 'CORBALENGI IACIT ORDOVS' which translates as ‘’here lies Corbalengi the Ordovician’, a member of the Ordovices tribe of north Wales.
Watch out for place names that give clues to pilgrim routes :'ysbyty' signifies a place where pilgrims could get hospitality on their journey.
Discover churches built on pre-Christian sites from their distinctive round churchyards, such as Llanwenog in the Teifi Valley, Pontsian in the adjacent Clettwr valley, Ysbyty Cynfyn near Devil’s Bridgein the Cambrian Mountains, or Penbryn on the Ceredigion coast.
There are a number of inscribed stones across Ceredigion from a Viking ‘hogback’ stone at St David’s church at Llanddewi Aberarth, to the ‘ogham’ stones at Llandysul and Tregaron, both of which recall women, and are by now incorporated into the walls of the church buildings. Fine decorated stones can also be seen at Silian, near Lampeter, Llanddewi Brefi, Gwnnws near Pontrhydfendigaid, and Llanbadarn Fawr on the outskirts of Aberystwyth.
Llanbadarn Fawr was an important monastic site of scholarship and education, as was Strata Florida Abbey near Pontrhydfendigaid in the Cambrian Mountains. Manuscripts copied by the monks can be seen at the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth. One of the patrons of Strata Florida abbey was the Lord Rhys of Deheubarth, who held the first eisteddfod at Cardigan Castle in 1176. Ask about the archaeological digs and tours at Strata Florida, which, 500 years after the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII, are beginning to reveal the true extent of the abbey’s size and wealth.
In 1136, Lord Rhys had joined forces with the Princes of Gwynedd to rebel against the Normans, securing a decisive victory at Crug Mawr, to the north of Cardigan town. The stone ramparts of Lord Rhys' castle - the first native built stone castle in Wales - greet you when you cross the Teifi from the south. Rhys built the castle in 1171 after finally capturing the castle from the Normans almost 35 years after the battle of Crug Mawr.