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Peat bogs and 'rhos'

Cors Fochno (Borth bog) and Cors Caron are the finest examples of a raised peat bog in Britain. At just over 2,000 acres, Cors Caron fills the valley of the upper Teifi river between Tregaron and Pontrhydfendigaid. The reserve has three raised bogs - areas of deep peat that have built up over the last 12000 years, and are still growing. Cors Fochno, at the heat of the Dyfi Bioshpere, is largest expanse of primary near-natural raised bog in lowland Britain.

Rhos is a common element of place names across Ceredigion, From Rhos Llawr Cwrt in the lowlands to Ffair Rhos in the Cambrian Mountains, rhos habitats are wet grassland or pasture. Another common element in rhos and bog names is 'coch' (red), from the colour of the stems and leaves of the sedges which dominate the habitat.

Listen to the song of skylarks and meadow pipits, and find a variety of orchids in the wetter parts, as well as tall plants of angelica. Rhos environments are great for spotting butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies. Rhos Llawr Cwrt near Talgarreg has one of the biggest UK populations of the rare marsh fritillary butterfly. Other butterflies such as the pearl bordered fritillary and green hairstreak can be also be spotted.

Why not bring your wellies and celebrate International Bog Day in Ceredigion!

But you don’t have to get your feet wet – there are boardwalks that will take you out to the heart of Cors Caron where you can enjoy this unique atmosphere of this amazing landscape. Cors Fochno and other reserves also have boardwalks which make it easy to explore.

Known for their carpets of spaghnum moss, cotton grass, the insect consuming sundew and the delicate, yellow flowered bog asphodel, the bogs are full of life. Look out for cranberry, bog bean and, at Cors Fochno, Ceredigion's emblem flower, bog rosemary. Rare butterflies and moths such as the rosy marsh moth and large heath butterfly are also found here. Herons and little egrets nest near the water, and other breeding birds of the bog habitats include teal, redshank, snipe, water rail and warblers, whilst winter visitors include large numbers of waders and wildfowl including wigeon, lapwing and golden plover, and whooper swans on Cors Caron.

Look out for signs of shy wetland mammals too: otter, polecat and water voles.